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ALGON: Sustaining Project Comprehensive Local Agriculture Plan (C-LAP) and the new initiative

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By Philip Agbese  C-LAP being a Comprehensive Agricultural Plan for Local Government Areas and  a blueprint for agricultural revoluti...


C-LAP being a Comprehensive Agricultural Plan for Local Government Areas and  a blueprint for agricultural revolution.
PREAMBLE: The partnership entered into by the Association of Local Governments of Nigeria (ALGON) and a consortium of five world class reputable firms and institutions which birthed the Project Comprehensive Local Agriculture Plan (C-LAP) has indicated growth indices in production as well as output in the Nigerian Agricultural sector.

The benefits of the project has been highlighted to ensure sustainability by the new executive committee of ALGON ably led by Hon. Ibrahim Ahmed Karaye to key into the initiative so as to consolidate on the gains recorded  and transform the 774 local governments in Nigeria in line with the focus of the current administration of President Muhammadu Buhari, to develop the third tier of government, diversify the economy and make Nigeria not only self sustaining in food production but a major exporter of food.


BACKGROUND:  “CLAP: Road Map On Improving The Agricultural Situation in Nigeria”

Nigeria is an agrarian society, with agriculture contributing about 24 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP). About 70 percent of the population live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for livelihood. Nigeria is presently facing several challenges in agriculture sector. These problems can be attributed to natural and human causes affecting overall economic development and growth. This has consequently undermined socio-economic growth and thus constitutes a threat to the federal government of Nigeria’s “vision 2020”.
Recent assessments of the situation in the country confirm the scale of the problem has risen above what communities, local governments, states and federal government can address without help from development partners.
Consequently, the association of the local government of Nigeria (ALGON) is adopting a bottom –up approach through a comprehensive plan for development of agriculture (CLAP) at “local government level” in 774 LGAs of Nigeria towards the improvement of the agricultural sector.

THE PROJECT:

C-LAP is an integrated and participatory action plan for the development of LGAs in agriculture allied sectors. CLAP will add value to Nigeria’s agricultural raw materials and integrate Nigeria into world agricultural markets. ALGON has initiated the process of C-LAP at grassroots level to achieve the following:
* Prepare a comprehensive local agriculture plan (C-LAP) through participatory process involving various organizations and stakeholders.
*Enable optimum utilization of scarce natural, physical &financial resources.
*Assess and plan for the infrastructure required to support the agricultural development.
*Establish linkages with the required institutional support services, like credit, technology transfer, ICT, research etc.
*Evolve an action plan for achieving sustainable agricultural growth with food security and cropping system that will improve farmer’s income.

CONCEPT FOR SUSTAINED PARTNERSHIP:

1.     The C-LAP recognizes that agricultural commercialization is a complex and dynamic process involving social structure, hence its major focus would be  on the farmers, traders and processors as the key agents of commercialization, and not on commodities that can be commercialized.

2.     (i) As the stakeholders in the commercialization process are poorly integrated, an integral part of the plan  is to provide institutional mechanisms that facilitate the emergence of effective networks and value chains.

(ii)   Emphasize on the need for a demand-driven approach, where the key players themselves make investment decisions related to technology, infrastructure, marketing and capacity, rather than the investments being supply driven by the public sector.

3.Linking farmers to markets and opportunities for establishing primary, secondary, tertiary markets and distributive and export market at a national level.

4. Creating opportunities for value addition by establishing food processing industries in the LAGs and one customized mega Food Park for each state depending on the raw material availability.
METHODS:

To address the forward linkages, the project will:
1.     Design food mart retail chain model to create a network that delivers the agricultural produce straight to the door step of the consumers.
2.     Strengthen the entire value chain form seed to pate with a shorter value chain ensuring the additional cost at competitive prices. Therefore, aggregating 774 farms and liking these farms to a national retail chain, wholesale markets and mega food parks will result in enhancing the net income.
3.     It will also create business opportunities for franchise operators, jobs for the youth; reduce wastage of agricultural produce as there is a defined retail network to absorb production. Further, empowering farmers and Agripreneurs through self-employment as an option for their additional income or a full-fledged livelihood sustainability.
4.     Create opportunities for private investors to invest in food chains and finally the business can be taken to the capital market in 3-4 years so that ALGON has a major benefit and becomes a financially viable tier of Government.

THE BIG IDEA:

The objective of the project is to design an integrated and participatory action plan for the development of local area in general and agriculture and allied sectors in particular. The planning process should be initiated at grass root level i.e. at village /micro-level and obviously the planners at village level will have to collect the Basic primary data. The objectives of comprehensive local agriculture plan (C-LAP) are:
1. To prepare a comprehensive local agriculture plan (C-LAP) through participatory process involving various organizations and stakeholders.
2. To enable optimum utilization of scarce natural, physical & financial resources
3. To assess and plan for the infrastructure required to support the agriculture development
4. To establish linkages with the required institutional support services, like credit, technology transfer, ICT, research etc.
5. To evolve an action plan for achieving sustainable agricultural growth with food security and cropping system that will improve farmer’s income.
6. Establish one integrated model/demonstration forms (5 – 20 ha. Each) in each of the 774 LGAs
7. Aggregating 774 farms and linking these farms to a national retail chain, wholesale markets and mega food parks.
8. To address the forward linkages; the project will design food mart retail chain motel to create a network that delivers the agricultural produce straight to the door step of the consumers.
9. Designing of mega food parks (one per each state) which will be customized to the Local crop production per state and will be a plug and play operation for any investor that will operate in the food park.
10. Designing farmer’s markets in each LGA mega market at the state capitals and one at national level.
11. To create opportunities for private investors to invest in food chains and finally the business can be taken to the capital market so that ALGON has a major benefit and sustain at its own.


HOW C-LAP IS STRUCTURED:

The C-LAP process will ensure local need based and appropriate strategy for the upliftment of the agricultural sector of the country as a whole. The constitution of the plan will be focused on the following aspects:
1. Agricultural plans are prepared for the local area/district and then integrated in the agricultural plans of the state based on the agro-climatic conditions, availability of technology,
2. Local needs / crops / feed and fodder / animal husbandry / dairying / fisheries / priorities should be reflected in the plan.
3. Productivity gaps for important crops and livestock and fisheries will be reduced and the returns to the farmers from these are maximized
4. Quantifiable qualitative changes in the productivities of the above
5. Linking farmers to markets and opportunities for establishing primary, secondary tertiary markets and distributive and export market at national level
6. Evaluation of opportunities for valuate addition by establishing food processing industries in the LAGs and one customized mega food park for each state depending on the raw material availability
7. Livestock and fisheries options may be given due consideration as a n important source of income
8. Infrastructural needs may also be quantified
9. Risk Analyses and risk mitigation measures may be given proper space in the plan document.


DELIVERABLES:
✓ Designing of comprehensive local government area agricultural development plan
✓ Submission of monthly and annual progress reports based on agribusiness strategy.
✓ Field /Exposure visits reports.
✓ Procurement of tractors and other farm machinery, implements, office equipment etc.
✓ Linking farmers to markets and opportunities for establishing primary secondary, tertiary markets and distributive and export market at national level.
✓ Aggregating 774 farms and linking these farms to a national retail chain, wholesale markets and mega food parks
✓ Design food mar retail model to create a network that delivers the agricultural produce straight to the door step of the consumers
✓ Evaluation of opportunities for value addition
✓ Designing of mega food parks (one per each state ) which will be customized to the local crop production per state and will be a plug and play operation for any investor that will operate in the food park
✓ Training and capacity building plan/module for implementation of Agribusiness strategy.
✓ Technical leaflets, pamphlets, bulletin in collaboration with technical team.
✓ Documentation of best practices and success stories of agribusiness in the project.
✓ Establishing one integrated model farms in each of the LGA
✓ Mid-term and End project impact assessment reports of agribusiness related works of the project.

PROJECT KEY OUTCOMES:
Outcome 1: Designing models, sustainable agricultural technologies and practices for demonstration in the model farm, thereby promoting adoption of farmers centric research centric research. It shall also help to improve on the yield and generate adequate income to manage the overheads and enterprise costs to demonstrate business viability. This will ultimately assist to attain food sufficiency, a much desired goal for food security.
Outcome 2: Community –level farm enterprises (cereals, High value Crop, Root crops, Livestock, Horticulture, Vegetable farming, floriculture, medicinal plants, farm mechanization, organic farming, Green Manure, Bio-fertilizers, Fodder crops, Mushrooms, Apiary, Social forestry, Boundary plantation, Vermicompost, and community vermincompost facilitated and established In project area under the guidance of international consultants, locally recruited staff and other partners.
Outcome 3: linking prospective producers and buyer’s to promote convenient marketing of the farmer produce in each LGA. Farmers shall be longer feel the effects of price fluctuation since they shall be able to buy own produce and sell later when price stabilizes. Linking farmers to market at national level.
Outcome 4: Generating immense employment opportunities for community in each LGAs at large given the diversity of activities involved in integrated farming system and eventually improving the health and quality.

Outcome 5: Attract heavy investment for establishment of mega or micro food processing centers with higher level of processing to help in minimizing post harvest losses, improving value addition, crop, diversification, ensuring better returns and increased Export earnings. Mega food parks will provide state of the art infrastructure facilities for the food processing along the value chain from the farm to the market. It will include creation of infrastructure near the farm, transportation, logistics and centralized processing centers.
The aim of food processing industries is to rise the processing of perishables in the country form the existing 2% to 4%, value addition from 20% to 35% and increase the share in global food trade. The expected outcome is increased realization for farmers, creation of high quality processing infrastructure, reduction in wastage, capacity building of producers and processors and creation of an efficient supply chain along with significant direct and indirect employment generation. It is expected to establish 10-15 food processing units in each of the mega food park in each state and employment generation of all at least 2000 from each mega food park is expected. Designing of mega food parks (one per each state) which will be customized to the local crop production per state and will be a plug and play operation for any investor that will operate in the food park.

Outcome 6: provide institutional mechanism for producers, and retailers to work together, to establish a sustainable raw material supply chain for each LGA. Supporting the different types of direct farmer-to –consumer markets and the wide variety of marketing channels used to distribute foods nationally, internationally through ‘farmers Market thereby, building capacity to enhance marketing opportunities through the purchase of new equipment, such as increase refrigerated storage, warehouses etc.

Outcome 7: Develop new market opportunities for farm and arm operations serving local markets, b developing improving, expanding, and providing outreach, training, and technical assisting in the development, improvement and expansion of both direct –to- consumer marketing outlets and infrastructure supporting local and regionally produced food products.

Outcome8: Optimize export potential of agriculture sector through a paradigm shift from supply-led production to export-demand driven high value agriculture by cultivation of high values crops like cassava, cocoa, cola nut, ginger, and cashew etc.

Outcome 9: Diverse enterprise, to increase resilience of LGAs, to withstand any adverse conditions on the farmer’s field that may threat the agricultural situation and may cause risk to livelihood

Outcome 10: Farmers, youth, women and children trained in sustainable agricultural practices, technologies and enterprise models, both in the farm and in the communities. Communities from LGAs and other NGOs will be trained based on the demand. Will also empower them through capacity building eventually creating an enabling environment for them to start large scale farming and also to diversify production into areas that are economically more feasible.
Outcome 11: Strengthen of rural communication services for improving grass root level exchange and linkages. Communities around the farm mobilized and the office bearers of LGAs trained to govern and manage farm in the long run, so that the community leaders are readied to take over management of farm in the coming year.

Outcome 12: Models, experiences and practices tested and documented and shared for replication and reference. Demonstration of new technologies in farming, mechanization, establishment of integrated model farm and aggregating 774 farms and linking these farms to a national retail chain, wholesale markets and mega food parks. Design food mart retail chain model to create a network that delivers the agricultural produce straight to the door step of the consumers.

Outcome 13: Encourage large scale production, improving farm worker’s productivity, production efficiency and improving the quality of farm produce.

Outcome 14: employment Generation: the project is expected to generate direct employment of 2700 in nursery production, pack houses and integrated model farms, mega food parks processing units and indirect employment of 5000 persons per LGA is as follows:
➢ Managerial and scientific manpower 100 persons
➢ Skilled manpower in Mega food park 600 persons
➢ Unskilled manpower 2000 persons
➢ Indirect employment like transport, marketing etc 5000 persons
TOTAL 7570 Persons
Outcome 15: Agriculture Revolution, self-efficiency, Replicability, Import Substitution and exports to neighboring countries.

THE CONSORTIUM:
The consortium is made up of five globally recognized reputable firms and institutions namely, The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), The Career Point University,  the M S Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) Progressive Research Organization for Welfare (PROW) and Global Agrisystem.
BRIEF ON THE FIRMS:

The

 International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is the world’s premier research organization dedicated to reducing poverty and hunger through rice science; improving the health and welfare of rice farmers and consumers; and protecting the rice-growing environment for future generations. IRRI is an independent, nonprofit research and educational institute, founded in 1960 by the Ford and Rockefeller foundations with support from the Philippine government. The institute, headquartered in Los Baños, Laguna, has 15 country offices and about 1,000 staff members representing more than 30 nationalities.



The M S Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) was established in 1988 as a not-for-profit trust. MSSRF was envisioned and founded by Professor M. S. Swaminathan with proceeds from the “First World Food Prize” that he received in 1987. The Foundation aims to accelerate use of modern science and technology for agricultural and rural development to improve ives and livelihoods of communities.

The MSSRF follows a pro-poor, pro-women and pro-nature approach and applies appropriate science and technology options to address practical problems faced by rural populations in agriculture, food and nutrition. These efforts have been undertaken in a participatory manner and in partnership with other knowledge-based institutions, public and private sector organizations and local communities.

From a small beginning, across the years, the Foundation has made its impact felt in various dimensions making a difference to the lives of over 600,000 farm families impacting livelihood of 100,000 farmers and fisherfolk every day with influence that spreads across 18 countries






The Career Point University



Core values of the University are defined to provide good services by good governance system. ONS, MEMBERSHIPS, RECOGNITIONS AND AWARDS PROGRAMS

The University programs are approved by the Regulatory Commission of HP Government and fee structure by the Department of Higher Education, Government of Himachal Pradesh.


PROW

Progressive Research Organization for Welfare (PROW) is an autonomous Research and Development consultancy Organization, PROW was set by a team of experienced, eminent and young Professionals with a capability to provide a wide range of research and consultancy services in wide areas including community Development, Environment Management, Feasibility & Situation Analysis, Project and Program Evaluations and Market Research.

The PROW professionals are committed towards the systematic inquiry, that is designed to collect, analysis, interpret and use data to describe, predict or control a phenomenon either in social or in market sector. In brief, our professionals are devoted towards using research as a basis for generating new knowledge as also for guiding towards better policy formulation and planning.

PROW has three wings- Research, Field Unit and Data Analysis & Management working in close co-ordination with each other. PROW besides having a panel of more than 50 field investigators has a panel of consultants/technical experts and collaborating organizations on project basis. This arrangement gives PROW the strength to undertake research in a large number of areas.

Hence PROW professionals are rated high for appropriate conceptualization, strategic thinking and most relevant research based recommendations for improved effectiveness of interventions.



Global Agrisystem

 Incorporated as Cebeco India with Cebeco Group Cooperative, Holland on 13th January 1998, Global Agrisystem offers consulting , technical assistance, post harvest technology and fresh produce.
It operates in India and Africa.
Ü By partnering with farmers on an equitable basis, Global AgriSystem will position itself as India’s premier Supply Chain Managers, providing best quality fresh produce to retailers, exporters and processors.

Ü Global AgriSystem will revitalize Indian agriculture by introducing post-harvest technology and management skills of the highest international standard.
Attend the seminar coming up in Abuja on the 4th of October, 2017 for the A-Z on this revolutionary program.

Agbese is a strategist and sent in this piece from Abuja.

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Lawal,1,Ahmed Lawan,7,Ahmed Makarfi,59,Ahmed Makarfi.,15,Ahmed Musa,3,Ahmed Raji,1,Ahmed Salkida,2,Ahmed Silkida,1,Ahmed Yerima,2,Aholu Ayatan Gbedite,1,Aholu of Ajido Kingdom,1,Aholu Saheed Sedonu Adamson,1,Aholu Topo,1,AIG Hassan Bala Abdulahi,1,AIG James Caulcrick,1,AIG Johnson Ogunsakin,1,AIG Umar Abubakar Manko,1,Aig-Imokhuede,1,Aigboje Imokhuede,1,Air Commodore Idongesit Nkanga,1,Air Commodore Olugbenga Gbadebo,2,Air Commodore Salisu Yushau,1,Air Commodore Umar Mohammed,1,Air Force RECRUITMENT,1,Air Marshal Adesola Amosu,4,Air Vice Marshal CN Chukwu,1,Air Vice Marshal Jacob Adigun,2,Air Vice Marshal Mohammed Saliu Usman,1,Air Vice Marshall Monday Riku Morgan,1,Air-force Recruitment,1,Airo Brown,1,Aisha Alhasan,1,Aisha Alhassan,1,Aisha Buhari,52,Aisha Wakil,2,Aisha Yesufu,1,Aishat Ayijimoh Onusi,1,Aishatu Alhassan,1,Aishatu Tukur Buratai,2,AIT,1,AIT.,1,Ajadi Lawa,1,Ajayi Boroffice,1,Ajayi Borrofice,5,Aje Ogungunniso I,1,Ajibo Ochulayi,1,Akaninyene Ezima,1,Akanni AFOLABI,2,Akeem 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II,1,Alhaji Mujahid Abubakr Dokubo-Asari,1,Alhaji Pa Bello Abubakar,1,Alhaji Rabi’u Dansharu,1,Alhaji Sa’ad Abubakar III,1,Alhaji Shehu Dikko,1,Alhaji Shettima Lawan,1,Alhaji Shettima Usman Yerima,1,Ali,1,Ali Gambo Abdullahi,1,Ali Modu Sheriff,109,Ali Modu-Sheriff,8,Ali Ndume,12,Ali Sanda Umar Konduga,1,Aliko Dangote,14,Alimi Akeem,1,Alison Diezani-Madueke,19,Aliyu Wammako,2,Alkali Mohammed,1,All Progressive Congress,17,All Progressive Congress (APC),7,All Progressive Congress Senator,1,All progressives Congress,52,All Progressives Congress (APC),38,All Progressives Congress National Leader,1,All Progressives Congress Senators,1,All Progressives Congress Youths Democratic Frontiers (APCYDF),1,Alliance For Democracy,5,Alliance for Feminine Agenda (AFA),1,Allinace For Democracy,3,Allwell Orji,3,Alphonsus Okeme,1,Amaju Pinnick,4,Amajuoyi Azubike Briggs,1,Amaka Deborah Okediadi,1,Amb. Lawrence Nwuruku,1,Ambassador Dickson Akoh,1,Ambassador Victor N. Chibundu,1,Ambassadorial Designates,1,Ambassadorial Nominees,7,Ambassadors-Designate,1,AMCON,1,Ameer Dalore,1,Ameh Ebute,1,Ameh Onoja,1,ames Faleke,1,Amhadu Bello University,1,Amina Ali Darsha Nkeki,1,Amina Ali Nkeki,7,Amina Mohammed,2,Amina Nkeki,6,Amina Oyagbola,1,Aminat Ali Nkeki,1,Amini Nkeki,1,Aminu Baba-Kusa.,1,Aminu Bashir Wali,1,Aminu Bello Masari,2,Aminu Masari,1,Aminu Tambuwal,6,Aminu Wali,2,Aminu Waziri Tambuwal,1,Amir Muhammad Abdullahi,1,Amnesty International,17,Amnesty Programme,1,Amodu Ali,1,Amodu Shuaib,1,Amos Adamu,1,Amstel Malta,1,Ana Ballesteros,1,Anderson Cooper,1,Andresa Feijo,1,Andrew Wilkie,1,Andrew Yakubu,3,Andrey Gennadyevich Karlov,1,Andy Odiaka,1,Andy Uba,4,Andy Uba.,2,Andy Ubah,2,Angela Merkel,1,Ango Abdullahi,6,Anita Ebhodaghe Schafer.,1,Ankio Briggs,1,Announcement,1,ANPC,1,Ansaru Islamic Sect,1,Anslem Ojezua,1,Anthony Akpo,1,Anthony Okeyim,1,Anthony Ugoh,1,Anti-Buhari protest,1,anti-Christ bill,1,Antonio Conte,4,António Guterres,1,ANTP,1,anusi Lamido Sanusi,1,APC,211,APC Crisis,1,APC Governors,1,APC Ondo,3,APC.,5,APC< PDP,1,APD,1,APGA,2,Apostle Douglas Akwesi Amanor,1,Apostle John Suleman,1,Apostle Johnson Suleiman,23,Apostle Johnson Suleman,6,APOSTLE SULEIMAN,1,Apostle Sulleiman,1,Appeal Court,1,Apple,1,Apple Self Driving Car,1,APTCON,2,Arakunrin Akeredolu,1,Archbishop of Canterbury,1,Architect Barnabas Yusuf Bala,1,Aremo Olusegun Osoba,2,Arepo,1,Arewa Integrity Youth Forum,1,Arewa Youth Leaders Forum,1,Arewa Youths leaders Forum,1,Ariana,1,Aridolf Resort Wellness and Spa,1,Armani Hotel,1,Armed Robbers,1,armed robbery suspect,1,Arsenal,2,article 50,1,Artificial Ladies For Sexual Satisfaction,1,Arugba,1,Arun Ganghi,1,Aruna Quadri,1,Arwa Othman,1,Asari Dokubo,3,Asawana Deadly Force of Niger Delta (ADFND),1,Asha Devi,1,Asisat Oshoala,1,Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu,41,Asiwaju Bola Tinubu,30,Asiwaju Grassroots Foundation (AGF),1,Asiwaju Tinubu,3,Aso ebi,1,Aso Rock,2,ASP Anjuguri Manzah,1,Assembly,1,Assembly of God Church,1,Asset Management Company of Nigeria (AMCON),1,Asset Management Corporation of Nigeria (AMCON),1,Association of Bureau De Change Operators,1,Association of Senior Civil Servants of Nigeria,1,Association of Virgin Pastors,1,ASUU,1,ASUU Strike,2,Atai Aidoko Ali,1,ATCON,2,Ateke Toms,1,Athletico Madrid,1,Atiku Abubakar,12,Atiku Bagudu,1,ATM,1,atrioticc Mothers without borders,1,Attahiru Jega,1,Attorney General of the Federation (AGF),1,Attorney-General of the Federation and Minister of Justice,2,Auchi Polytechnic,1,Auditor General of the Federation.,1,Audu Grema,1,Audu Ogbeh,8,Augustine Onyekachi Wokocha,1,Austin Okai,1,Austin okai usman,1,Austin Popo,1,Australia Open,1,Auta Appeh,1,Auwal Danjuma,1,Auwal Mohammed,1,Ayanda Dlodlo,1,Ayo Adebanjo,2,Ayo Adebayo,1,Ayo Daramola,1,Ayo Fayose,41,Ayo Oritsejafo,3,Ayodele Fayose,111,Ayomide Labinjo,1,Ayuba Wabba,10,Ayuba Wabba-led NLC,2,Azeez Ladipo,2,Azibaola Robert,2,Azodo Eucharia,1,Azu Ishiekwene,1,Azubuike Ihejirika,5,Azubuike Ihejirika.,2,Babachir David Lawal,15,Babachir Lawal,10,Babafemi Ojudu,5,Babajide Obanikoro,4,Babajide Omoworare,1,Babangida Aliyu,1,Babatunde Adejare,1,Babatunde Adeniran Ademjumo,1,Babatunde Elijah Ayodele,1,Babatunde Fashola,20,Babatunde Fowler,2,Babatunde Gbadamosi,1,Babatunde Okungbowa,1,Babatunde Raji Fashola,7,Babatunji Amure,1,Babington Macaulay Junior Seminary (BMJS),3,Baby In Carton,1,Badagry,6,Badagry Deep Sea Port,1,Bailout Fund,1,Bakassi,2,Bakassi IDPs camp,1,Bakassi Peninsula,1,Bako Salihu,1,Bala Hassan Abdulahi,1,Bala Ibn Na’Allah,1,Bala Magaji Nassarawa,1,Bala Mohammed,4,Bala Ngilari,1,Balarabe Musa,3,Ballon D'or,1,Bamidele Oloyelogun,1,Ban Ki-Moon,2,Ban On Rice Importation,1,Bana Lawan,1,Bangladeshis celebrated Eid al-Adha,1,Bank of England,1,Barack Obama,17,Barcelona vs PSG,1,Barnabas Bala,1,Barnabas Gemade,1,Barr. Samuel Okoronkwo.,1,Barrister Gboyega Oguntuase,1,Barrister Jimoh Ibrahim,1,Barrister Osuagwu Ugochukwu.,1,Barrister Seyi Akinwunmi,1,Barrister Solomon Dalong,2,Barry Mpigi,1,Bashir Rimi-Zaya,1,Bashiru Ayedun,1,Basil Udotai,2,Bassey Okon Akpanyung.,1,bayelsa,2,Bayse One Checkmate plaza,1,BBC,10,BBOG,2,BBOG IN SAMBISA FOREAST,1,BCAN,1,Beer Helps Prevent Heart Attack,1,Belgium,1,Bello DANHAJIYA,1,Bello Matawalle,1,Bello Rabiu Babura,1,Ben Akabueze,2,Ben Amodu,1,Ben Ayade,21,Ben Bruce,7,Ben Efeturi,1,Ben Kure,1,Ben Mellor,1,Ben Murray Bruce,3,Ben Murray-Bruce,2,Ben Nwabueze,1,Ben Obi,1,Ben Uwajumogu,2,Benedict Ayade,2,Benedict Efeturi,21,Benedict Peters,1,BeniCity,1,Benin,1,Benjamin Uwajumogu,1,Bennedict Efeturi.,3,Benue,5,Bhumibol Adulyadej,1,Biafra,18,Bibilari Elebuibon,1,Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation,1,Bill Clinton,2,Bill Gates,1,Bill Gulley,1,Bill Shorten,1,Binta Nyako,2,Biodun Ogunyemi,2,Bishop Emmanuel Esezobor,1,Bishop Etekamba Duke,2,Bishop Fireman Dapada,1,Bishop Manoso,1,Bishop Matthew Kukah,2,Bishop Seun Adeoye,1,Bisi Akande,8,Bisi Alimi,1,Bisi Osinbajo,1,Bismarck Rewane,1,Bisong Otu,1,Bitcoin,1,Biyi Poroye,2,Bizarre,1,Black Trituium,1,Blessing Okagbare,1,Blogger,1,Bloomberg Billionaires’ Index.,1,Bloomberg LP.,1,Bob Katter,1,Bobboi Kaigama,2,Boboye Oyeyemi,1,Bode George,11,Boeing 737,1,Boge George,1,Boko Hara,5,Boko Haram,183,Boko Haram Detainess,1,Boko Haram leader,1,Boko Haram sect,1,Boko Haram Shekau,1,Boko Haram sponsor,1,Boko Haram Terrorists,2,Boko Haram Terrorists (BHTs),1,Boko Harm,1,Bola Ahmed Tinubu,44,Bola Ilori,6,Bola Shagaya,1,Bola Tinubu,88,Bola Tinubu's 64th birthday,1,Bolaino Akwenuke,1,Bolaji Abdullahi,5,Bolaji Waheed,1,Bomb Blast,1,Bomb Blast In Adamawa,2,Bomb Blast in UNIMAID,4,Bomb Scare In Abuja,1,Boris Johnson,1,Born Cassius Marcellus Clay,1,borno,2,Boukar Kaou,1,Boyloafs,1,BREAKING,10,Breaking News,33,Brexit,4,Bride Runs Out Of Wedding Reception,1,Bridget Agbaheme,1,Bridget Agbahime,1,Brig-Gen. Umar Mohammed,1,Brig. Gen. Jones Oladehinde Arogbofa,1,Brig. Sibiri Taiowoh,1,Brig.Gen Mudoch Agbinib,1,Brig.Gen Mudoch Agbinibo,1,Brigadier General Aliyu Momoh,1,Brigadier-General Olajide Laleye,1,British Department for International Development (DFID),1,British Virgin Islands,1,Brown Ideye Odion Ighalo,1,Brussels Terror Attack,1,BSC,1,Buddhism,1,budget padding,10,Budget Secrecy,1,Buhari,4,Buhari 2019,1,Buhari 56th Independent Message,1,Buhari Campaign Promise,1,Buhari led government,1,Buhari Muhammad,1,Buhari's Boy,1,Buhari's Onet Years In Office,1,Bukky Ajayi,1,Bukola Saraki,259,Bula,1,bulletproof BMW cars at $1.6 million,1,Buni Yadi Residents Return Home,1,Bureau De Change operators,2,Bureau De Change Operators of Nigeria,1,Burj Khalifa,1,Buruji Kashamu,10,Bus Conductors Association of Nigeria,1,Bushpig,1,BuzzFeed,1,By AbdulRahman Agboola,1,Cabals,5,Cabinet Reshuffle,4,CAC,1,CADEP,1,Cairo Ojougboh,1,Cal'bar Imperial College,1,Calabar,1,Calabar-Lagos Railway project,1,Calabar–Lagos Railway,1,Cambridge West African School Certificate (WASC),1,Cameroon Lions,1,Campaign for Democracy,3,CAN,5,Cardinal John Onaiyeka,1,Carl Ikeme,1,Cathay Pacific,1,Catherine Wobuyaga,1,Catholic Church,1,catholic Priest,1,Cathy McGowan,1,Cayman Islands,1,CBN,28,CBN Anchor Borrowers Program,1,CBN APPOINTS NEW CEO TO HEAD SKYE BANK,1,CBN Governor,8,CBN Governors,1,CCB,1,CCB Act,1,CCT,1,CD,1,CDM Academy,3,Celestina Kalu,1,cement price,1,Central Bank of Nigeria,22,Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN),7,Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Governor,2,Central Bank of Nigeria governor,1,Centre for Social Justice,1,CEO Ebony Films,1,CEPEJ,1,Cerebral Palsy Football Association of Nigeria,1,CESJET,9,CGC,1,Chairman Kibaku,1,Champions League,1,Champions League semi-final draw,1,Change Begins With Me,1,Charles Adeogun-Philips,1,Charles Carlson,1,Charles Effiong Ewa,1,Charles Ewa,1,Charles Michel,1,Charles Ogboli,1,Charles Okah,1,CharlyBoy,1,Chelsea,8,Chelses vs Man City,1,Cherubim and Seraphim church,2,Chevron Oil Well RMP 23 and RMP 24,1,Chevron Shell,1,Chibok,2,Chibok 21,2,Chibok girl,4,Chibok Girls,36,Chibok girls kidnapped by Boko Haram,1,Chibok girls saga,1,Chibok school girls,2,Chibok21,1,Chibudom Nwuche,1,Chidiebere Iloka,1,Chidiebere Sunday,1,Chidimma Okeke,2,Chidinma Okeke,1,Chief Adolphus Wabara,2,Chief Audu Ogbeh,1,Chief Bisi Akande,3,Chief Donatus Agu Ejidike,3,Chief Donatus Ejidike Agu,1,Chief Dosu Oladipo,1,Chief Government Ekpemupolo,3,Chief John Odigie Oyegun,5,Chief John Odigie-Oyegun,1,Chief Mrs. Nike Akande,1,Chief Of Army Staff (COAS),1,Chief Olusegun Osoba,1,Chief Registrar,1,Chief Yekini Adeojo,1,Chijoke Stephen Obioha,1,Chike Obi,1,Child Bride,1,Chima Phillip Effiong Osuji,1,Chimamanda Adichie,1,Chinelo Ifezua,1,Chinese Lunar new year,1,Chinese President Xi Jinping,1,Chinue Achebe,1,Chiori Johnson,1,Chriatian,1,Chris Ekwilo,1,Chris Giwa,2,Chris Grayling,1,Chris Ngige,6,Chris Nwigwe,1,Christ Embassy,1,Christ The Fountain Of Mercy Ministry,1,Christian Association of Nigeria,3,Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN),3,Christian Nwosu,1,Christian/Muslim Intellectual Forum,1,Christmas,2,Chuddy Anayo Ugorji,3,Chuks Okocha,1,Chukwuka Okike Abiama,1,Chukwuma Soludo,1,Citizen Omamuzo Utomajiri,1,Citizen United for Peace and Security,1,Civil Societies Coalition for the Emancipation of Osun State,1,Civil Society Organisations,1,Civilian Joint Task Force,1,Civilian JTF,1,CJN,2,Claude Ake,1,Claudio Ranieri,3,Claudius Daramola,1,Cletus Wortoson,1,Coalition Against Terrorism and Extremism (CATE),1,Coalition for Good Governance and Change Initiative,1,Coalition for Good Governance and Leadership in Africa,1,Coalition of Oodua Self Determination Groups,1,Cocoa Processing Industry In Ede,2,Code of Conduct Bureau,2,Code of Conduct Bureau (CCB),8,Code of Conduct Bureau (CCB) Code of Conduct Tribunal (CCT),2,Code of Conduct Tribunal,16,Code of Conduct tribunal Chairman,1,Code of Conduct Tribunal(CCT),5,Col Abu-Ali,2,Col Mudoch Agbinibo,1,Col. Hamid Ali,1,Col. Hammed Ali,1,Colonel Sambo Dasuki.,1,Colonel Sani Kukasheka Usman,2,Colonel Sanni Bello,2,Columnist,8,Commercial Bank of China Ltd,1,Committee for the Defence of Women's Rights,1,communal crisis between Okujagu community and Okulu both in Okrika,1,Computer Village in Ikeja,2,Comrade Emma Ademokun,1,Comrade Ibrahim Abubakar,1,Comrade Ikpa Isaac,1,Comrade Israel Ade Adeshola,1,Comrade Ola Oni,1,Comrade Oladipo John­son,1,Comrade Uchenna Madu,1,Concealed Human Head in Bread,1,Confederation of African Football,1,Conference of Nigeria Political Parties,1,Congress for Progressives Change,1,Conjoin In Ibadan,1,Constancia Okomo,1,Constitutional And Electoral Reforms Committee,1,Copa Coca-Cola Nigeria 2016,1,Corporal Hassan Aminu,1,CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION,1,Corrupt Judges,7,Corruption,2,COSEG,1,COSPIN,1,Cossy Orjiako,1,Cossy Orjiakor,1,Coup,1,Covenant University,1,COWBELLPEDIA,2,Cowrie Rugby Football club,1,CP Austin Iwar,1,CPC,1,CRC Monitor And Alerts,1,creation of sleeper ISIS training cells,1,Credit Bureau Limited,2,Cri,1,Crim,1,Crime,1540,Crime National,2,Crime.,47,Crimem National,1,Crimes,45,Crisis,1,Cristian Ronaldo,1,Cristiano Ronaldo,1,Cross River,2,Cross River University of Technology,1,Cross River University of Technology (CRUTECH),2,Crrime,2,Crude Oil In Borno,1,CRUTECH,2,CSJET,1,CtyMood Badagry,1,Cucumber,2,CUPS,1,Customs,4,Cynthia Whyte,2,Cythia Njoki,1,DAAR Communications,1,Dabube,1,Dahiru Saleh,1,Daily Trust,2,Dairo Olorunfemi,1,Daizsa Bausby,1,Dakuku Peterside,2,Damboa,1,Damola Otuyalo,1,Dan Orbih,1,Dan’Azumi Job Doma,1,Dangote,1,Dangote Group,1,Daniel Ikoli,1,Daniel lgali,1,Daniella Okeke,4,Danjuma Goje,4,Danjuma Yusuf,1,Danladi Umar,25,Dapo Abiodun,1,Dapo Olorunyomi,1,Dare Adesope,1,Darius Ishaku,1,Darrell Cass,1,Dasuki Jalo,1,Dasukigate,3,Dave Umahi,3,David Alaba,1,David Babachir Lawal,1,David Buhari Doherty,1,David Cameron,12,David Doherty,1,David Holmes,1,David Luiz,1,David Mark,9,David Mbanefo,1,David Misal,1,David Oyedepo,1,David Ukre,1,David Ukre's Gay Marriage,1,David Umahi,7,David Umaru,3,Davido,2,Davis Ibiamu Ikanya,1,Dayo Adeneye,1,Dayo Adeyeye,3,Debo Adeniran,1,Debola Falana,1,Deborah Akinayo.,1,Dede Uzor Uzor,1,Deeper Life Christian Church,1,Dehinde Akintola,1,Deji Adeyanju,1,Dele Adesina,1,Dele Alli,2,Dele Momodu,4,Delta,1,Delta State,2,Demba Ba,1,Democracy Day anniversary.,1,Democrats,1,dengue virus,1,Department for International Development,1,Department of Criminal Investigation,1,Department of State Security (DSS),3,Department of State Security Service (DSS),1,Department of State Service (DSSS),1,Department of State Services,2,Department of State Services (DSS),2,Depot and Petroleum Products Marketers Association of Nigeria (DPPMAN),1,Desmond Chinedu,1,DESOPADEC,1,dethrone Sultan of So